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From its origins in the mid 19th century, photography has been used by different scientific and humanistic disciplines, serving as a way to document and investigate the different processes and phenomena occurring along the Earth. The relationship between landscape and photography continued throughout the rest of the nineteenth century; during the colonization of Africa and Asia. The major European nations made huge photographic works for anthropological research (Ryan, 1994). The first scientific studies that use photography as a tool began in the colonization of the current territory of the United States, identifying the appropriate route for the transcontinental railway routes, (Bell, 1869, in Webb, 2010) or illustrating geologic characteristics of the Earth (Powell 1895 in Webb, 2010).